Headquarters for the Toronto Catholic District School Board the city's English-language separate school board The following public school boards operate separate schools in Toronto Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir French first language school board, Buddhist Main articles: Anglican Church of Canada and John Strachan. . Mexico Santos Laguna 9.1 Arts Toronto Ontario Canada Business directory. This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed (May 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message), Depiction of the Battle of Queenston Heights during the War of 1812 Upper Canada was an active theatre of operation during the conflict American troops in the War of 1812 invaded Upper Canada across the Niagara River and the Detroit River but were defeated and pushed back by the British Canadian fencibles and militias and First Nations warriors However the Americans eventually gained control of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario the 1813 Battle of York saw American troops defeat the garrison at the Upper Canada capital of York the Americans looted the town and burned the Upper Canada Parliament Buildings during their brief occupation the British would burn the American capital of Washington D.C in 1814 After the War of 1812 relative stability allowed for increasing numbers of immigrants to arrive from Europe rather than from the United States as was the case in the previous decades this immigration shift was encouraged by the colonial leaders Despite affordable and often free land many arriving newcomers mostly from Britain and Ireland found frontier life with the harsh climate difficult and some of those with the means eventually returned home or went south However population growth far exceeded emigration in the following decades it was a mostly agrarian-based society but canal projects and a new network of plank roads spurred greater trade within the colony and with the United States thereby improving previously damaged relations over time Meanwhile Ontario's numerous waterways aided travel and transportation into the interior and supplied water power for development As the population increased so did the industries and transportation networks which in turn led to further development By the end of the century Ontario vied with Quebec as the nation's leader in terms of growth in population industry arts and communications In 1837 an armed insurrection was fought in the colony before being crushed by British authorities and Canadian volunteer units Unrest in the colony began to chafe against the aristocratic Family Compact who governed while benefiting economically from the region's resources and who did not allow elected bodies power This resentment spurred republican ideals and sowed the seeds for early Canadian nationalism Accordingly rebellion in favour of responsible government rose in both regions; Louis-Joseph Papineau led the Lower Canada Rebellion and William Lyon Mackenzie first Toronto mayor, led the Upper Canada Rebellion in Upper Canada the rebellion was quickly a failure William Lyon Mackenzie escaped to the United States where he declared the Republic of Canada on Navy Island on the Niagara River Canada West. . !
. . . . 2.1 Fan base Financial district, Ontario has numerous political parties which run for election the four main parties are the centre-right Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario the social democratic Ontario New Democratic Party (NDP) the centre-left Ontario Liberal Party and the Ontario Green Party the Progressive Conservatives Liberals and New Democrats have each governed the province while the Greens elected their first-ever member to the Legislative Assembly in 2018 The 2018 provincial election resulted in a Progressive Conservative majority under Doug Ford who was sworn in to office on June 29 Urban areas.