Until 1763 most of Ontario was considered part of New France by French claim Rupert's Land defined as the drainage basin of Hudson Bay was claimed by Britain and included much of today's Northern Ontario the British defeated the armies of the French colony and its indigenous allies in the French and Indian War part of the Seven Years' War global conflict Concluding the war the peace treaty between the European powers known as the Treaty of Paris 1763 assigned almost all of France's possessions in North America to Britain including parts that would later become Ontario not already part of Rupert's Land Britain established the first Province of Quebec encompassing contemporary Quebec and southern Ontario After the American War of Independence the first reserves for First Nations were established These are situated at Six Nations (1784) Tyendinaga (1793) and Akwesasne (1795) Six Nations and Tyendinaga were established by the British for those indigenous groups who had fought on the side of the British and were expelled from the new United States Akwesasne was a pre-existing Mohawk community and its borders were formalized under the 1795 Jay Treaty In 1788 while part of the Province of Quebec southern Ontario was divided into four districts: Hesse Lunenburg Mecklenburg and Nassau in 1792 the four districts were renamed: Hesse became the Western District Lunenburg became the Eastern District Mecklenburg became the Midland District and Nassau became the Home District Counties were created within the districts By 1798 there were eight districts: Eastern Home Johnstown London Midland Newcastle Niagara and Western by 1826 there were eleven districts: Bathurst Eastern Gore Home Johnstown London Midland Newcastle Niagara Ottawa and Western by 1838 there were twenty districts: Bathurst Brock Colbourne Dalhousie Eastern Gore Home Huron Johnstown London Midland Newcastle Niagara Ottawa Prince Edward Simcoe Talbot Victoria Wellington and Western In 1849 the districts of southern Ontario were abolished by the Province of Canada and county governments took over certain municipal responsibilities the Province of Canada also began creating districts in sparsely populated Northern Ontario with the establishment of Algoma District and Nipissing District in 1858 When Canada was formed in 1867 its provinces were a relatively narrow strip in the southeast with vast territories in the interior it grew by adding British Columbia in 1871 P.E.I in 1873 the British Arctic Islands in 1880 and Newfoundland in 1949; meanwhile its provinces grew both in size and number at the expense of its territories Evolution of the borders of Ontario since Canadian Confederation in 1867 The borders of Ontario its new name in 1867 were provisionally expanded north and west When the Province of Canada was formed its borders were not entirely clear and Ontario claimed eventually to reach all the way to the Rocky Mountains and Arctic Ocean With Canada's acquisition of Rupert's Land Ontario was interested in clearly defining its borders especially since some of the new areas in which it was interested were rapidly growing After the federal government asked Ontario to pay for construction in the new disputed area the province asked for an elaboration on its limits and its boundary was moved north to the 51st parallel north The northern and western boundaries of Ontario were in dispute after Canadian Confederation Ontario's right to Northwestern Ontario was determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1884 and confirmed by the Canada (Ontario Boundary) Act 1889 of the Parliament of the United Kingdom by 1899 there were seven northern districts: Algoma Manitoulin Muskoka Nipissing Parry Sound Rainy River and Thunder Bay Four more northern districts were created between 1907 and 1912: Cochrane Kenora Sudbury and Timiskaming Demographics, Chehalk Madinatul-Uloom Academy Of Canada, See also: Demographics of Toronto In November 2005 Professor Arne Kislenko won TVOntario's first Best Lecturer Series in 2006 Ryerson University had two professors in the semi-finals for TVO's second Best Lecturer Competition Philosophy professor Dr James Cunningham and radio and television arts professor Dana Lee were semi-finalists in 2006 Greg Inwood professor in the department of Politics and Public Administration was awarded the prestigious Donald Smiley Prize for his book Continentalizing Canada: the Politics and Legacy of the Macdonald Royal Commission Criminal justice history and international relations professor Peter Vronsky published Serial Killers: the Method and Madness of Monsters (2004) a bestselling history of serial homicide and more recently a controversial history of Canada's first modern battle Ridgeway: the American Fenian Invasion and the 1866 Battle That Made Canada (2011) Several factors affect citizens' health in Toronto The city has many opportunities for citizens to be physically active including bike lanes walkways and parks throughout the city Given the cultural diversity of the city there is also great diversity in the foods that citizens can consume which determines their personal nutrition Many foods for example enter the city through the Ontario Food Terminal located on the west side the city is also part of the Toronto Public Health Division and is home to many hospitals Other factors affecting health in the city include air quality in regard to smog Smog alerts are issued by Toronto Public Health when the air quality is poor enough to warrant informing some segments of the public to limit their exposure to the smog such as children the elderly and people with lung diseases or heart conditions the best and worst years for smog in the city within the last five years were respectively 2006 with 11 smog alerts and 2005 with 48 smog alerts Another risk to health for citizens is exposure to crime in the city Toronto has a rate of violent crime of 738 incidents per 100,000 people though this is still lower than the national average of 951 according to 2006 Statistics Canada data and far lower than other cities of comparable size (particularly those in the United States) A vehicle emissions testing program known as Ontario's Drive Clean began in 1999 and has had a minimal impact on smog in Toronto 2005 was Toronto's worst year on record for smog with a total of 48 smog alert days the Ontario Medical Association estimated in 2005 that total air pollution (from all sources) would cause some 5,800 deaths and 17,000 hospital admissions that year.. ; Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts began offering vacation rentals in June 2014 Titled Residential Rentals the properties are available in: North America (Costa Rica Houston Jackson Hole Nevis Punta Mita San Diego Whistler Vail) Africa (Marrakech Mauritius Seychelles Sharm El Sheikh) Europe (Cap-Ferrat) and Asia (Jimbaran Bay Chiang Mai Koh Samui) Residential Rentals provide the same services as Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts in a residential setting Customers are mainly multi-generational vacationers and small group travellers The first stand alone Four Seasons Private Residences will open in London at 20 Grosvenor Square Mayfair during the second quarter of 2018 it will be the third Four Seasons venue in London European locations, 13 External links 1 Founding 4 Commercial architecture. . Toronto Ontario Canada Business directory Toronto Catholic District School Board (TCDSB) English first language school board. . Main articles: Anglican Church of Canada and John Strachan, 13 External links Upper Canada College in Toronto Founded in 1829 it is the oldest independent school in Ontario A.R.S Armenian School, Ottawa 774,072 812,129 883,391 934,243 Census metropolitan areas Toronto Ontario Canada Business directory.
. Canadian student 90.7% 77.7% The murder rate climbed in the latter part of 2015 and jumped in 2016 to 73 in 2017 homicides were down to 65 on November 18 2018 with Cardinal Licorish 23 of Ajax shot and killed at an apartment building in the area of Lawrence Avenue and Kingston Road that death became Toronto's 90th homicide of that year which means the city has broken its homicide record surpassing the old record of 89 homicides in 1991 a BlogTO post in June reveals that Toronto's homicide rate was higher than in New York City the 2018 homicide tally included the 10 victims in the Yonge Street van attack and the 2 victims in the Danforth shooting In conjunction with the increase in murders overall shooting incidents also jumped significantly in 2015 with year-to-date figures by late November returning to the range seen at the peaks five to ten years earlier Toronto Police statistics show a 90% increase in people wounded by gunfire and a 48% increase in shootings (135 in 2015 compared to 91 in 2014). Meanwhile there were 114 reported incidents of shootings without injuries as of July 15 compared to just 14 in 2014. However despite this significant increase in the number of shooting incidents and victims the almost eleven month total of shooting related deaths at that point matched the previous decade low of 22 gun deaths for 2013 and the total number of homicides had potential to be the lowest number since TPS began publicly releasing the figures in 2005. Since then the city has seen an increase in shootings with 407 shootings in 2016 and 392 that following year As of November 20 2018 Toronto had the highest homicide rate among major Canadian cities with a rate of 3.5 per 100,000 people Its current homicide rate is higher than in Winnipeg Calgary Edmonton Vancouver Ottawa Montreal Hamilton New York City San Diego and Austin. Although this rate is an exaggerated spike primarily caused by the Toronto van attack which murdered 10 people on April 23 2018 the rate is still 3.1 (per 100,000 people) without this and still highest among the listed Canadian cities the 3 highest homicide years in the past decade are the most recent three reversing the downward trend that followed after the "year of the gun.". Toronto Rock NLL Box lacrosse Scotiabank Arena 1998 6 (last in 2011), Braddock Point Light Homicides Gun, The New Brunswick Legislative Building serves as meeting place for the provincial legislative assembly Under Canadian federalism power is divided between federal and provincial governments Among areas under federal jurisdiction are citizenship foreign affairs national defence fisheries criminal law Indian policies and many others Provincial jurisdiction covers public lands health education and local government among other things Jurisdiction is shared for immigration pensions agriculture and welfare The parliamentary system of government is modelled on the British Westminster system Forty-nine representatives nearly always members of political parties are elected to the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick the head of government is the Premier of New Brunswick normally the leader of the party or coalition with the most seats in the legislative assembly Governance is handled by the executive council (cabinet) with about 32 ministries. Ceremonial duties of the Monarchy in New Brunswick are mostly carried out by the Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick Under amendments to the province's Legislative Assembly Act in 2007 a provincial election is held every four years the two largest political parties are the New Brunswick Liberal Association and the Progressive Conservative Party of New Brunswick Since the 2018 election minor parties are the Green Party of New Brunswick and the People's Alliance of New Brunswick Judiciary. . ! . The 1795 Jay Treaty officially set the borders between British North America and the United States north to the Great Lakes and St Lawrence River on 1 February 1796 the capital of Upper Canada was moved from Newark (now Niagara-on-the-Lake) to York (now Toronto) which was judged to be less vulnerable to attack by the US The Act of Union 1840 passed 23 July 1840 by the British Parliament and proclaimed by the Crown on 10 February 1841 merged Upper Canada with Lower Canada to form the short-lived United Province of Canada Government.