! Designed by Eberhard Zeidler the Eaton Centre represented one of North America's first downtown shopping malls it was designed as a multi-levelled vaulted glass-ceiling galleria modelled after the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan Italy At the time of its opening in 1977 the interior design of the Eaton Centre was considered quite revolutionary and influenced shopping centre architecture throughout North America Plans originally called for the demolition of Old City Hall and the Church of the Holy Trinity but these were eventually dropped after a public outcry Ultimately Louisa Street Downey's Lane and Albert Lane were closed and disappeared from the city street grid to make way for the new office and retail complex Since the 2010s the Eaton Centre is the most visited tourist attraction in Toronto and the most visited shopping mall in North America Large sprawling retail centres are common in suburban Toronto Of the more notable such centres is Yorkdale Shopping Centre which opened in 1964 as one of the largest malls in the world the mall was constructed with a novel system for its retailers to receive merchandise Most shopping centres have their receiving doors located at the back side while Yorkdale was constructed with a one-way two-laned road for trucks running beneath the centre that leads directly to retailers' basement storages Other large shopping malls in Toronto include Scarborough Town Centre Fairview Mall and Sherway Gardens Institutional architecture. . Extended Peterborough (Peterborough County and the city of Peterborough) 138,236, The Toronto Pearson International Airport in Mississauga is the GTA's primary airport and ranks among the world's busiest airports The main airport serving the GTA is Toronto Pearson International Airport in Mississauga which is Canada's largest and busiest airport it processed over 47 million passengers in 2017 and nearly 50 million passengers in 2018. Toronto Pearson International Airport is operated by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) and could potentially be asked to help observe in the operations of the other airports in the area but has yet to be asked to do so. John C Munro Hamilton International Airport in nearby Hamilton also handles international flights handles some discount flights and charters and acts as an alternate to Pearson the Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport on the Toronto Islands near downtown is used for civil aviation air ambulance traffic and regional scheduled airlines (it handled nearly two million passengers in 2012). YTO is a multiple airport code for Pearson Billy Bishop and Buttonville Municipal Airport (in Markham) There are also a number of smaller airports scattered throughout the GTA The Greater Toronto Airport Authority has also placed a tentative proposal to develop a new airport in Pickering (which also extends over into Markham and Uxbridge). As the GTAA predicts Toronto Pearson would be unable to be the sole provider for the bulk of Toronto's commercial air traffic in the next 20 years from the report's publication in 2004 (i.e in 2024) they believe a new airport in Pickering would address the need for a regional/reliever airport east of Toronto Pearson as well as complement the airport in Hamilton Ontario the GTAA also stated the new airport would create more opportunities for economic development in the eastern region of the Greater Toronto Area Communication. . . The American loss for the entire battle was officially reported as 52 killed and 254 wounded for the Army and 3 killed and 11 wounded for the Navy for a total of 55 killed and 265 wounded the majority of American casualties originated from the explosion at the fort's powder magazine An archaeological dig in 2012 unearthed evidence that the destruction of the magazine and the impact it had on American soldiers was a result of poor position and bad luck the Americans just happened to be at the exact distance of the shock wave and its debris field The British loss was officially reported by Sheaffe as 59 killed 34 wounded 43 wounded prisoners 10 captured and 7 missing for a total of 153 casualties. However historian Robert Malcomson has found this return to be inaccurate: it did not include militia sailors dockyard workers or Native Americans and was incorrect even as to the casualties of the regulars Malcomson demonstrates that the actual British loss was 82 killed 43 wounded 69 wounded prisoners 274 captured and 7 missing for a total of 475 casualties Surrender. 1.1 Public education Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board[c] Halton District School Board Peel District School Board Toronto District School Board York Region District School Board.